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Florante Aguilar - Tipanan
A Celebration of the Philippine Guitar

From the sublime to the rhythmically-charged, harana (serenade) to tribal dance, this collection showcases the variety of styles in the evolution of Philippine music along with its most trusted instrument.

The influence of Spain, the assimilation of American pop, the staying power of the rural folk songs, and the exoticism of indigenous rhythms, yield a picturesque canvas of a culture like no other.

The collection also displays the art of an instrument humble in origin yet taken to its highest form, without losing the charm and spirit its predecessors intended.

Play All Samples »  
1. Saan Ka Man Naroroon listen
2. Lahat Ng Araw (Silayan) listen
3. Nais Ko listen
4. Bayan Ko listen
5. Sa Kabukiran listen
6. Ikaw listen
7. Preludio Etnika listen
8. Kapilas Na Giting listen
9. Nasaan Ang Aking Puso listen
10. Hindi Kita Malimot listen
11. Sing Sing listen
12. Sitsiritsit / Pen Pen di Sarapen listen
13. Radyo Tipanan listen
14. Cavatina listen

Tracks 3 & 13 with Mike Walsh, guitar
Track 12 wth Boyet Aguilar, octavina

Produced by Florante Aguilar
New Art Media 8722

Sound Engineer: Matt Peterson
Recorded at DigiDesign Studios
Daly City, CA
NAM Release 2005

CD $9.99  Add to Cart

(Hi-Res 256 kbps MP3, 16 tracks, album artwork)
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  Buyer Reviews
Reviews from CD Baby Buyers of 'Tipanan'

A must have to balance your life with.

author: author: jojo
Excellent clean recording. Wonderful expressive music pieces that are so romantic, flawless and energetic as well. I would like more variety next time with a vocal duet or another instrument, or one with a small ensemble.

Excellent recording

author: Chris Beecroft
Crisp and lively playing. Very fine guitar playing, well performed with a good understanding of the soul of the music. This CD will be an excellent addition to your collection if you are a fan of world guitar music, or even just a fan of guitar music in general.

Wonderful music
author: jc
Wow a very nice guitar music, i wish i can play a guitar like him :=)

Just love all the songs

author: Ofelia Gonzalez
Being a Filipino but never listened nor enjoyed native Philippine songs, this cd changed that. The interpretation of several songs is just wonderful, I love this cd.


About the Composers and the Songs
by Manuel R. Soriano
1. Saan Ka Man Naroroon by R. Umali, arr. F. Aguilar  

Restituto Umali
  (1916-1998) learned to play the violin and the guitar as a child from his tailor father and later studied harmony at the University of the Philippines under Felipe P. de Leon. He was a highly sought after band leader, arranger and all around instrumentalist in post war Manila arranging Cariñosa for the big band icon Benny Goodman, Katataka for the Boston Pops and conducting hastily formed ensembles to accompany visiting foreign singers.  His distance-spanning composition Saan Ka Man Naroroon (Wherever You Are) became an apt favorite among the large number of Filipinos now living and working around the globe.

2. Lahat Ng Araw (Silayan) by M. Velarde, Jr., Arr. F. Aguilar  
6. Ikaw by M. Velarde, Jr., Arr. F. Aguilar  

Miguel Velarde Jr.
(1913-    ) was the youngest of the triumvirate of the golden age of Filipino popular song that included Constancio C. de Guzman and Santiago Suarez. He earned a living in the movies and in broadcasting as a young man using his skill and facility that came with his fondness for jazz and American popular music. He took lessons in composition with Antonio Molina who introduced him to the works of the preceeding generation of Filipino classical musicians, most notably Nicanor Abelardo and Francisco Santiago. 

At that time, the prevailing Filipino song style was tentative and supplicating in its approach, used figuratively poetic and remote archaic Tagalog and employed registers that were accessible only to the operatically trained. Immersed in the pervasive influence of casual American song structure and harmony in Manila of the nineteen-thirties, he spun out one hit after another with his modern approach, straight forward, phrased in everyday idiom and set with easy remarkable melodies. This playful, subtle and cosmopolitan approach worked wonderfully in his first hit Ikaw (You), from the 1935 movie Milagro Ng Nazareno, and the perennial Lahat ng Araw (All Through the Days), which is also more well known by the first word of its refrain Silayan.

Along with Habang Buhay, Minamahal Kita and Gabi at Araw, these hits were the precursor to his big Filipino international success of the sixties, Dahil sa Iyo.

3. Nais Ko by R. Cayabyab, Arr. for 2 guitars by F. Aguilar  

Ryan Cayabyab
's (1954-    ) career was set in motion when his song Kay Ganda Ng Ating Musika won the Metro Pop Song Festival in Manila in 1977. Ever since, Ryan has been prolific, churning out hits after hits of what is often classified as OPM (Original Pilipino Music) of which the present Nais Ko (I Wish), arranged for two guitars, is a perfect example.

But to know Cayabyab’s music as simply "Pinoy pop" paints an incomplete picture. Cayabyab’s more “serious” works which include orchestral pieces, sacred choral works, a ballet, and numerous musicals, have been recognized internationally having won several honors and competitions.

Today, Ryan can arguably be considered the most successful composer in the Philippines in both pop and classical music. The depth of his influence is felt with today's young generation of musicians and many successful careers, such as those of Hajji Alejandro, Kuh Ledesma, Lea Salonga and Basil Valdez, were launched by being associated with his songs.

Cayabyab is presently the executive and artistic director of the San Miguel Foundation for the Performing Arts , whose aim is to become the central repository in the preservation of true Filipino music through his vision of excellence, innovation and talent development.

4. Bayan Ko by C. de Guzman, Arr. F. Aguilar

Constancio C. de Guzman
(1903-1983) was the second pillar of the triumvirate that led the golden age of Filipino music. He studied composition under Nicanor Abelardo and composed the musical themes of numerous Filipino movies and radio novellas.

 Apart from the long string of love songs that became the backdrop of the lives of Filipinos who came of age around the Second World War (such as Babalik Ka Rin, Ang Tangi Kong Pag-ibig, Malaala Mo Kaya, Ang Langit Ko’y Ikaw, and Kung Kita’y Kapiling), he wrote the present patriotic song Bayan Ko (My Country) which set to music the words of the Tagalog poet Jose Corazon de Jesus (Huseng Batute). This song became a second national anthem to Filipinos in the years before and during the Japanese occupation and more recently, during the clamor to oust the Marcos regime in 1986.

5. Sa Kabukiran by M. Velez, Arr. F. Aguilar  

Manuel P. Velez
was the leading proponent and practitioner of the southern school of composition in the period between the two World Wars. Although he chose to remain in Cebu, the influence and the popularity of his songs extended over the rest of the Philippines and even among Filipinos living in the United States of the roaring twenties. He wrote music in partnership with the local playwright Kabahar for a zarzuela of the same title which bequeathed to us the present Sa Kabukiran (In the Country).

The song, originally in Visayan and later translated to Tagalog and Spanish, was made famous in the movies by Lilian Velez and Elsa Oria and by performers such as Conching Rosal and Sylvia La Torre. It was Conching Rosal however, well ahead of everyone else, who showcased this song as a recital gem, elevated as a coloratura piece de resistance in her performances and recordings from the late fifties. We encounter it here as an impressive bravura transcription for the guitar by Florante Aguilar himself. 

7. Preludio Etnika by L. Kasilag  

As a composer, Philippine National Artist Lucrecia Kasilag (1918-2008) has written in almost every form imaginable since her student days at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, NY where she obtained her Master of Music degree in Theory and Composition.

 A life-long ethnographic musical anthropologist, she did original research into ethnic Filipino culture and gained worldwide recognition as the music director of the Bayanihan Philippine Dance Company. She pioneered the integration of indigenous scales and modes in contemporary formal compositions.

A guitar player herself, her first piece for solo guitar, however, is a recent work (1996) and seemed only in response to a prod by a guitar student. In the present Prelude Etnika she utilized melodic quotations from the Dandan-ay air, a chant heard during social gatherings among certain tribal groups living in the Cordillera region of the Philippines and features playing techniques imitating sounds of bamboo instruments. Its spontaneous and unmistakable Filipino tone lends it a direct and immediate universal appeal.

8. Kapilas Na Giting by B. de Leon  

Addressed to fill the need for an original contemporary Filipino guitar solo piece, Bayani de Leon’s Kapilas na Giting (A Measure of Valour) also paved the way and inspired other Filipino composers to start writing for the classical guitar. This piece was premiered in a performance by Agnes Narciso in 1976 in Alicante, Spain and since then has become a proud part of every Filipino classical guitarist’s repertoire.

This novel composition features the percussive beat of the bagbagto, an aboriginal song of the Ifugaos and the lyrism of the kumintang,  the ancient Batangueño chant of war and victory, which is the forerunner of the kundiman, the Filipino love song par excellence. 

9. Nasaan Ang Aking Puso by N. Abelardo, Arr. J. Valdez  
14. Cavatina by N. Abelardo, Arr. J. Valdez  

The revered pioneer of Filipino music and pre-eminent master of the kundiman Nicanor Abelardo (1892-1934) learned the rudiments of piano playing from overheard lessons being given to a cousin. He played it well enough to be employed by the zarzuelista Francisco Buencamino as a salon player. He continued taking lessons in voice and bandurria technique under Jose Silos, violin playing with Bonifacio Abdon and further piano lessons with Jose Estella.

His composition Nasaan Ka Irog met with instant and lasting critical and popular success followed with other equally highly esteemed pieces such as Bituing Marikit, Mutya ng Pasig, Himutok and the present Nasaan Ang Aking Puso. Also included is a piece he composed originally for the violin in 1921 called Cavatina in the same vein though simpler than his immortal kundimans which he properly regarded as operatic arias.

His intense but healthy rivalry with his friend and academic colleague Francisco Santiago resulted in one of the most prolific periods in the history of Filipino music and cast a lasting and powerful influence on their contemporaries and subsequent generations of Filipino composers. 

10. Hindi Kita Malimot by J. Cenizal, Arr. J. Valdez  

Josefino Y. Cenizal  (1919-    ) met early performing success as a banjo player in the two most well-known orchestras of peace-time Manila, the Ilaya and Ideal . He sang and played the piano in radio broadcasts and at seventeen became the youngest orchestra leader of the US Army and Navy Club. He also began his successful career in the movie industry at this time, starting from playing supporting roles and progressing to musical scoring and finally to directing. It was in the social functions of this millieu that his young wife Gloria Maigui was discovered and subsequently became the singing movie sensation Olivia Cenizal.

His  best known compositions, now both considered classics are Ang Pag-ibig Koy Ingatan Mo and the present Hindi Kita Malimot which was featured in Sampaguita Pictures’ movie of the same title starring Carmen Rosales and Leopoldo Salcedo.

11.  Sing Sing by F. Aguilar
(Based on a Kapampangan Folk Song)
12.  Sitsiritsit/Pen Pen di Sarapen (for Guitar & Octavina) by F. Aguilar
(Based on Philippine Children Songs)
13.  Radyo Tipanan (for Two Guitars) by F. Aguilar  

Florante Aguilar studied arranging and composition under Ryab Cayabyab at the University of the Philippines College of Music. He has long pioneered the revival of Philippine music for the classical guitar through performances and recordings. In 2003, his first solo CD release Art of Harana included contemporary original Filipino compositions and arrangements of classic Filipino songs.

Since the premiere of his endearing original composition Manang Biday (based on an Ilocano folk song) in 1986, Florante Aguilar has been exploring the suitability of Filipino traditional forms on the classical guitar by casting his net on the wide variety of Filipino folk melodies that can be developed for performance on the concert stage. Sing Sing, based on Kapampangan folksong Atin Cu Pung Singsing, children's songs Sitsiritsit and Pen Pen di Sarapen for guitar and octavina, and Radyo Tipanan for two guitars, are his most recent forays into this lode.

Florante Aguilar gives these songs their richly deserved signature treatment while expanding the solo guitarist’s repertoire with new and attractive original Filipino pieces. These are his novel reconciliations with the native spirit, paying respect to the integrity of the rudimentary forms while displaying the creative inspiration and performing facility of the artist.